Volume 1 Supplement 1

Safety in Health

Open Access

Success Factors of Clinical Risk Management - Measuring a Safety Index

Safety in Health20151(Suppl 1):A19

DOI: 10.1186/2056-5917-1-S1-A19

Published: 30 October 2015

Background

The political, legal and insurance-related requirements for hospitals, out-patient treatment centers and other healthcare companies in Germany and European countries are constantly increasing. At the same time, however, evidence for the effectiveness and establishment of clinical measures for patient safety is becoming ever more important [1].

Since 1994, the GRB - Gesellschaft für Risiko-Beratung mbH has been providing advice to hospitals and other healthcare facilities on how to implement risk management measures in clinical processes in order to ensure a safe patient care. For quite a long time, the GRB has dealt with defining suitable parameters for patient safety. In the meantime, it has developed a model-based safety index, which enables a healthcare company to make the maturity level measurable.

Material and methods

Results from one of Germany's largest healthcare-loss databases and specifically developed claim-based prevention measures and performing safety and risk analyses in different specialist/service areas in healthcare companies serve as a basis for determining a safety index [2].

The development of the index aimed at measuring patient safety is based on the modified Swiss cheese model by Reason [3].

The following parameters are relevant for the calculation of the index:

1. Index-related prevention measures

2. Weighting of the potential risk in case that a prevention measure has not been fulfilled (severity of potential damage and probability of occurrence)

3. Fulfillment level of a prevention measure

Results

The parameters described above are applied in a special formula. The index determines values between 0 and 100. 100 means maximum safety and 0 means maximum risk. The index can be determined after a safety and risk analysis for healthcare facilities. It can be ascertained for the examined area, in detail for accounted safety categories and as assessment comparison (Table 1).
Table 1

Overview: safety index after safety and risk analysis in surgery rooms including the interface anesthesia in three different clinics (Source riskala®GRB).

Safety Categories

Average

Clinic A

Clinic B

Clinic C

Patient information

98

100

100

94

Treatment anesthesia

95

87

97

100

Documentation anesthesia

100

100

100

100

Documentation surgery

81

79

75

89

Medical specialist standard

99

100

100

98

Hygiene management

72

72

58

85

Ensuring identity/

Avoidance of patient misidentification

57

45

62

65

Medication management

73

75

62

83

Organization anesthesia

89

91

76

100

Organization recovery room

95

85

100

100

Organization surgery room

80

67

79

93

Safety index total

85

82

83

92

Conclusions

The index is an efficient instrument with which the safety profile of a healthcare company can be made transparent both internally and externally in accordance with the continuous process of improvement, and it can be used effectively for business management.

Declarations

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
GRB Gesellschaft für Risiko-Beratung mbH

References

  1. Gausmann P: Safety Clip. New national health target patient safety. BDC Member Magazine Passion Chirurgie. 2014, SpecialGoogle Scholar
  2. Fleischer M: Safety Clip. riskala.INDEX: Patient safety index. BDC Member Magazine Passion Chirurgie. 2013Google Scholar
  3. Reason J: Human error: models and management. British Medical Journal. 2000, 320 (7237): 768-770.PubMedPubMed CentralView ArticleGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Gausmann and Fleischer 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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